On 1 October 1962, James Meredith became the first black student to attend the University of Mississippi. Rioting erupted on campus over the course of the next few days, with 166 US Marshals, and 40 National Guard soldiers injured by the mob, many of them who fired shots at soldiers and some civilians. 2 people were killed, including Paul Guihard, a French journalist, who was shot in the back.
Meredith endured ongoing harassment at the University, but graduated on 18 August 1963, with a degree in political science.
"I considered myself engaged in a war from Day One," Meredith said about his entry into the University of Mississippi, "And my objective was to force the federal government into a position where they would have to use the United States military force to enforce my rights as a citizen."